[1] Asaeda, T., Gomes, P.I.A. & Takeda, E. (2010): Spatial and temporal tree colonization in a midstream sediment bar and the mechanisms governing tree mortality during a flood event. – River Research and Applications 26: 960-976.

[2] Athey, L.A. & Connor, E.F. (1989): The relationship between foliar Nitrogen content and feeding by Odontota dorsalis Thun on Robinia pseudoacacia. – Oecologia 79: 390–394.

[3] Böcker, R. (1995): Beispiele der Robinien-Ausbreitung in Baden-Württemberg. In: Gebietsfremde Pflanzenarten. Hrsg.: Böcker, R., Gebhardt, H., Konold, W. & Schmidt-Fischer, S. (1995). Ecomed, Landsberg.

[4] Böhm, C., Quinkenstein, A., Freese, D. & Hüttl, R.F. (2011): Assessing the short rotation woody biomass production on marginal post-mining areas. – Journal of Forest Science 57: 303-311.

[5] Boring, L.R. & Swank, W.T. (1984): The role of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) in forest succession. – Journal of Ecology 72, 749-766.

[6] Bradshaw, A., Hunt, B. & Walmsley, T. (1995): Trees in the urban landscape. E & FN Spon, an imprint of Chapman & Hall, London.

[7] Buhl, P.N. & Duso, C. (2008): Platygaster robiniae n. sp. (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) Parasitoid of Obolodiplosis robiniae (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in Europe. – Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101: 297-300.

[8] Buzhdygan, O.Y., Rudenko, S.S., Kazanci, C. & Patten, B. C. (2015): Effect of invasive black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) on nitrogen cycle in floodplain ecosystem. – Ecological Modelling.

[9] Callaway, R.M., Bedmar, E.J., Reinhart, K.O., Silvan, G.G. & Klironomos, J. (2011): Effects of soil biota from different ranges on Robinia invasion: acquiring mutualists and escaping pathogens. – Ecology 92: 1027-1035.

[10] Castro-Díez, P., González-Muñoz, N., Alonso, A., Gallardo, A. & Poorter, L. (2009): Effects of exotic invasive trees on nitrogen cycling: a case study in Central Spain. – Biological Invasions 11: 1973-1986.

[11] Chang, C.S., Bongarten, B. & Hamrick, J. (1998): Genetic structure of natural populations of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) at Coweeta, North Carolina. – Journal of Plant Research 111: 17-24.

[12] Clement, E.J. & Foster, M.C. (1994): Alien Plants of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.

[13] DeGomez, T. & Wagner, M.R. (2001): Culture and use of black locust. – HortTechnology 11 (2): 279-288.

[14] Dickmann, D.I., Steinbeck, K. & Skinner, T. (1985): Leaf area and biomass in mixed and pure plantations of Sycamore and Black Locust in the Georgia Piedmont. – Forest Science 31: 509-517.

[15] Dimke, P. (2015): Spätfrostschäden – erkennen und vermeiden. – LWF-Merkblatt 31. 

[16] Ding, W., Wang, R., Yuan, Y., Liang, X. & Liu, J. (2012): Effects of nitrogen deposition on growth and relationship of Robinia pseudoacacia and Quercus acutissima seedlings. – Dendrobiology 67: 3-13.

[17] Duso, C., Boaria, A., Surian, L. & Buhl, P.N. (2011): Seasonal abundance of the Nearctic gall midge Obolodiplosis robiniae in Italy and the impact of its antagonist Platygaster robiniae on pest populations. – Annals of the Entomological Society of America 104: 180-191.

[18] U.S. Geological Survey (1015): Atlas of United States Trees - esp.cr.usgs.gov/data/little/. 

 [19] Engel, J. & Knoche, D. (2011): Energie aus dem Stock - Zur Bewirtschaftung der Robinie im Schnellumtrieb. – Eberswalder Forstliche Schriftenreihe 47: 26-36.

[20] Feng, Z., Dyckmans, J. & Flessa, H. (2004): Effects of elevated carbon dioxide concentration on growth and N2 fixation of young Robinia pseudoacacia. – Tree Physiology 24: 323-330.

[21] Floraweb (2015): floraweb.de/pflanzenarten/artenhome.xsql; [20.12.2015].

[22] Glavendekic, M., Roques, A. & Mihajlovic, L. (2010): The rapid colonization of the introduced black locust tree by an invasive North-American midge and its parasitoid. Atlas of Biodiversity Risk (eds J. Settele, L. Penev, T. Georgiev, R. Grabaum, V. Grobelnik, V. Hammen, S. Klotz, M. Kotarac & I. Kühn), pp. 158-159. Pensoft, Sofia-Moscow, Russia.

[23] Hempel, S., Götzenberger, L., Kühn, I., Michalski, S.G., Rillig, M.C., Zobel, M., Moora, M. (2013): Mycorrhizas in the Central European flora – relationships with plant life history traits and ecology. – Ecology 94: 1389-1399.

[24] Hillier, J. & Coombes, A. (Eds.) (2002): The Hillier Manual of Trees & Shrubs, 7th edition. David & Charles, Newton Abbot.

[25] Huntley, J.C. (1990): Robinia pseudacacia L. Black locust. Silvics of North America, VOL. 2. Hardwoods (eds R.M. Burns & B.H. Honkala), pp. 755-761. Agriculture Handbook 654, US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC, USA.

[26] Hüttl, R.-F. & Weber, E. (2001). Forest ecosystem development in post-mining landscapes: a case study of the Lusatian lignite district. – Naturwissenschaften 88 (8): 322-329.

[27] Jin, T., Liu, G., Fu, B., Ding, X. & Yang, L. (2011): Assessing adaptability of planted trees using leaf traits: a case study with Robinia pseudoacacia L. in the Loess Plateau, China. Chinese Geographical – Science 21: 290-303.

[28] Johnsen, K.H. & Bongarten, B.C. (1992): Relationships between nitrogen-fixation and growth in Robinia pseudoacacia seedlings - a functional growthanalysis approach using N15. – Physiologia Plantarum 85: 77-84.

[29] Klauck, E.J. (1988): Die Sambucus nigra-Robinia pseudoacacia-Gesellschaft und ihre geographische Gliederung. – Tuexenia 8: 281-286.

[30] Kleinbauer, I., Dullinger, S., Peterseil & J., Essl, F. (2010): Climate change might drive the invasive tree Robinia pseudacacia into nature reserves and endangered habitats. – Biological Conservation 143: 382-390.

[31] Keresztesi, B. (1983): Breeding and cultivation of Black Locust, Robinia psudoacacia, in Hungary. – Forest Ecol. Managem. 6: 217-244.

[32] Knoche, D., Engel, J. & Lange, C. (2014): Hinweise zur Bewirtschaftung von Robinien-Beständen in Brandenburg. – Informationen für Waldbesitzer. Landesbetrieb Forst Brandenburg und Landeskompetenzzentrum Forst Eberswalde.

[33] Kowarik, I. (1992): Einführung und Ausbreitung nichteinheimischer Gehölzarten in Berlin und Brandenburg. – Verhandlungen des Botanischen Vereins von Berlin und Brandenburg, Suppl. 3, Berlin.

[34] Kowarik, I. (2010): Biologische Invasionen. Neophyten und Neozoen in Mitteleuropa, 2nd edn. Ulmer, Stuttgart.

[35] Laiolo, P., Caprio, E. & Rolando, A. (2003): Effects of logging and non-native tree proliferation on the birds overwintering in the upland forests of northwestern Italy. – Forest Ecology and Management 179: 441-454.

[36] Lavin, M. (1992): Evolutionary relationships of the genus Robinia, p. 61–77. In: J., Hanover, K., Miller, S., Plesko (eds.). Proc. Intl. Conf. on Black Locust: Biology, Culture, and Utilization, East Lansing, Mich., 17-21 June 1991.

[37] Lee, C.S., Cho, H.J. & Yi, H. (2004): Stand dynamics of introduced black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) plantation under different disturbance regimes in Korea. – Forest Ecology and Management 189: 281-293.

[38] Leopold, D.J., McComb, W.C. & Muller, R.N (1998): Trees of the Central Hardwood Forests of North America. Timber Press, Portland.

[39] Liu, G.F. & Deng, T.X. (1991): Mathematical model of the relationship between nitrogen-fixation by black locust and soil conditions. – Soil Biol. Biochem. 23 (1): 1-7.

[40] Liu, C.C., Welham, C.V.J., Zhang, X.Q. & Wang, R. (2007): Leaflet movement of Robinia pseudoacacia in response to a changing light environment. – Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 49: 419-424.

[41] Mayer, H. (1992): Waldbau auf soziologisch-ökologischer Grundlage. 4. Aufl. Stuttgart.

[42] Maringer, J., Wohlgemuth, T., Neff, C., Pezzatti, G.B. & Conedera, M. (2012): Post-fire spread of alien plant species in a mixed broad-leaved forest of the Insubric region. – Flora 207: 19-29.

[43] More, D. & White, J. (2003): Trees of Britain and Northern Europe. Domino Books Ltd., St Helier, Jersey.

[44] Landesforsten Rheinland-Pfalz (2014): Mittelfristige Planung und Nachhaltskontrolle (MPN)-Daten. Stichtag 01.10.2014.

[45] Mühlethaler, U. (2010): Mit Robinie in die Zukunft–oder den Neophyten bekämpfen. Eine Baumart gibt zu diskutieren. – Wald und Holz 6 (10): 35-38.

[46] Nasir, H., Iqbal, Z., Hiradate, S. & Fujii, Y. (2005): Allelopathic potential of Robinia pseudoacacia L. – Journal of Chemical Ecology 31: 2179-2192.

[47] Praciak, A. (2013): The CABI Encyclopedia of Forest Trees.

[48] Quinkenstein, A., Pape, D., Freese, D., Schneider, B.U. & Hüttl, R.F. (2012): Biomass, carbon and nitrogen distribution in living woody plant parts of Robinia pseudoacacia L. growing on reclamation sites in the mining region of Lower Lusatia (Northeast Germany). – International Journal of Forestry Research: 1-10.

[49] Radtke, A., Ambraß, S., Zerbe, S., Tonon, G., Fontana, V. & Ammer, C. (2013): Traditional coppice forest management drives the invasion of Ailanthus altissima and Robinia pseudoacacia into deciduous forests. – Forest Ecology and Management 291: 308-317.

[50] Ranney, T.G., Whitlow, T.H. & Bassuk, N. (1990): Response of five temperate deciduous tree species to water stress. – Tree Physiology 6 (4): 439-448.

[51] Rédei, K., Osvath-Bujtas, Z. & Balla, I. (2002): Clonal approaches to growing black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) in Hungary: a review. – Forestry 75: 547-552.

[52] Roloff, A., Korn, S. & Gillner, S. (2009): The climate–species-matrix to select tree species for urban habitats considering climate change. – Urban Forestry&Urban Greening 8: 295-308.

[53] Ruhm, W. (2013): Die Robinie, schnell wachsend bei geringen Ansprüchen, aber nicht unumstritten. www.diekammer.info, 1.8.2013.

[54] Shure, D.J., Phillips, D.L. & Bostick, P.E. (2006): Gap size and succession in cutover southern Appalachian forests: an 18 year study of vegetation dynamics. – Plant Ecology 185: 299-318.

[55] Schütt, P. (2010): Robinien. In: Roloff, A., Weisgerber, H., Lang, U., Stimm, B.: Bäume Nordamerikas. (eds H. Roloff, H. Weisgerber, U. Lang, B. Stimm), pp. 215–236. Wiley-VCH Verlag.

[56] Sitzia, T., Campagnaro, T., Dainese, M. & Cierjacks, A. (2012): Plant species diversity in alien black locust forests: a paired comparison with native forests across a north-Mediterranean range expansion. Forest Ecology and Management 285: 85-91.

[57] Swamy, S.L., Puril, S. &Kanwar, K. (2002): Propagation of Robinia pseudoacacia Linn. and Grewia optiva Drummond from rooted stem cuttings. Agroforestry Systems 55: 231-237.

[58] Tognetti, R., Longobucco, A., Fumagalli, I. & Raschi, A., (1999): Risposte di pioppo (clone I-214) e robinia all’elevata concentrazione di CO2 in pieno campo. – Monti e Boschi 50 (5): 51-58.

[59] Tóth, P., Vánová, M. & Lukáš, J. (2009): The distribution of Obolodiplosis robiniae on black locust in Slovakia. – Journal of Pest Science 82: 61-66.

[60] Veste, M. & Kriebitzsch, W.-U. (2013): Einfluss von Trockenstress auf Photosynthese, Transpiration und Wachstum junger Robinien (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) [Influence of drought stress on photosynthesis, transpiration, and growth of juvenile black locust]. – Forstarchiv 84: 35-42.

[61] Von Holle, B., Joseph, K.A., Largay, E.F. & Lohnes, R.G. (2006): Facilitations between the introduced nitrogen-fixing tree, Robinia pseudoacacia, and nonnative plant species in the glacial outwash upland ecosystem of Cape Cod, MA. – Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 2197-2215.

[62] Waks, C. (1936): The influence of extracts of Robinia pseudoacacia on the growth of barley. – Publications of the Faculty of Sciences, Charles University Prague 150: 84-85.

[63] Walkovszky, A. (1998): Changes in phenology of the locust tree (Robinia pseudoacacia L) in Hungary. International Journal of Biometeorology 41: 155-160.

[64] Wang, M.C., Wang, J.X., Shi, Q.H. & Zhang, J.S. (2007): Photosynthesis and water use efficiency of Platycladus orientalis and Robinia pseudoacacia saplings under steady soil water stress during different stages of their annual growth period. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 49: 1470-1477.

[65] Wermelinger, B. & Skuhravá, M. (2007): First records of the gall midge Obolodiplosis robiniae (Haldeman) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and its associated parasitoid Platygaster robiniae Buhl & Duso (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) in Switzerland. – Mitteilungen Der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 80: 217-221.

[66] Williard, K.W.J., Dewalle, D.R. & Edwards, P.J. (2005): Influence of bedrock geology and tree species composition on stream nitrate concentrations in Mid-Appalachian forested watersheds. – Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 160: 55-76.

[67] Mantovani, D., Veste, M., Bähm, C., Vignudelli, M. & Freese, D. (2015): Spatial and temporal variation of drought impact on black locust (Robinia psudoacacia L.) water status and growth. – iForest (early view).

[68] Schüler, S., Weißenbacher, L. & Sieberer, K. (2006): Robinien für Energie- oder Wertholz – die Sorte macht’s! Forstzeitung 117 (8): 8-9.

[69] Hicks, R. (1998): Ecology and Management of central hardwood forests. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York: 153-154.

[70] Daisie = Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories Europe (2015): Factsheet Robinie pseudoacacia - www.europe-aliens.org/pdf/Robinia_pseudoacacia.pdf. 

[71] Cierjacks, A., Kowarik, I., Joshi, J., Hempel, S., Ristow, M., von der Lippe, M. & Weber, E. (2013), Biological Flora of the British Isles: Robinia pseudoacacia. J Ecol, 101: 1623–1640. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12162.

[72] Ferrari, A.E. & Wall, L.G. (2008) Coinoculation of black locust with Rhizobium and Glomus on a desurfaced soil. Soil Science, 173: 195-202.

 [73] Olesniewicz, K.S. & Thomas, R.B. (1999): Effects of mycorrhizal colonization on biomass production and nitrogen fixation of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) seedlings grown under elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. 

New Phytologist 142: 133-140. 

[74] Vítková, M., Tonika, J. & Müllerová, J. (2015): Black locust – Successful invader of a wide range of soil conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 505: 315-328.